First driving lesson explained. It will be the most important lesson to have.
Starting to drive – getting started on your first driving lesson
Before driving on busy roads and in traffic, there are a few basic skills that need to be mastered. Skills such as moving off and stopping. You must have full control of your vehicle at all times. This involves
In addition you need to have
Driving isn’t just a matter of starting the engine and moving off.
Before starting to drive off safely you should make sure that certain checks are carried out. This is for your own safety and the safety of others, your passengers and other road users. This safety check should be carried out any time you are about to start your drive again after a break.
Before you start to drive you need to make sure you know and understand the vehicle’s
If you are not sure which pedal controls which device please read more here.
If your vehicle is fitted with ABS brakes, the system activates automatically under conditions of harsh braking.
ABS Employs wheel-speed sensors to anticipate when a wheel is about to lock under extreme braking. Just before the wheels begin to lock, the system releases the brakes momentarily before automatically reapplying them. This cycle is repeated several times a second to maximise braking performance, sending a pulsing sensation through the brake pedal. You may find this a little disconcerting the first time it occurs, and you may be tempted to respond by relaxing the pressure on the brake pedal. However, it’s important that maximum pressure is maintained.
ABS doesn’t necessarily reduce your stopping distance but because the wheels are prevented from locking you can continue to steer, something you would not be able to do if the wheels were locked. Reducing the pressure or pumping the brake pedal reduces the effectiveness of the system. The pressure on the brake pedal must be maintained until the hazard has been safely avoided.
Knowing ABS will help you stop safely shouldn’t encourage you to drive less carefully. ABS can’t overcome the laws of nature. It is still possible for one or more of the tyres to skid because of
ABS will enhance your skills, NOT replace them. Check your vehicle handbook for the correct use of ABS on your particular vehicle. Read more on brake safety
With your left foot, press the clutch pedal fully down to the floor and keep it there. Read more POSM procedures.
Safe and controlled braking is vital in good driving. You should slow down gradually and smoothly. Learner drivers when moving the car and stopping for the first time, tend to be heavy-footed. They accelerate heavy and brake sharp. Any learner who has previously ridden a bicycle could use that experience when moving a car. That is imagine you are applying the brakes on your bike, by squeezing the brake lever. Apply that action to the brake pedal on the car. The art of good braking should be to stop smoothly. This is achieved by gently releasing some of the brake pressure at the point of stopping. Rather than applying more pressure.
If you anticipate properly, you’ll seldom need to brake sharply.
Good anticipation will give you time to brake progressively over a longer distance. This technique is also a lot safer than braking to late as your brake lights will be on over a longer period. This will give the driver following you more time to react, and hopefully avoid a ‘rear end shunt’.